Excerpts from newspapers and other
From the files of the
Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection
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UNITED STATES HISTORICAL SOCIETY
First and Main Streets • Richmond, Virginia 23219 • (804)648-4736 • Fax (804)648-0002 •
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
STATUE OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN TO BE UNVEILED IN RICHMOND
Dedication ceremony on April 5 of the statue commemorating visit in 1865
(Richmond) - A dedication ceremony for the statue of Abraham Lincoln and his
young son, Tad, will take place on Saturday, April 5, 2003, at the Civil War Visitor
Center in Richmond, Virginia. The statue depicts a personal moment during their
historic visit of reconciliation in April 1865, just hours after the Confederacy abandoned
Richmond, its capital. The U. S. Historical Society is donating the statue to the
Richmond National Battlefield Park Civil War Visitor Center of the National Park
The United States Historical Society is generating funds for the statue by issuing
solid bronze and bonded bronze miniature statues of the original. For more information,
consult www.lincolninrichmond.org or call 1-804-648-4736. Sculptor David Freeh will be
signing certificates of authenticity for the miniature versions at the unveiling ceremony.
Lincoln's visit was unannounced but did not remain secret for long. "It was the
man of the people among the people," marveled an eyewitness. "It was the great
deliverer meeting the delivered.... such wild indescribable joy I never witnessed." To an
elderly African American laborer who raced toward him shouting praise, Lincoln "lifted
his own hat from his head, bowed, wiped the gathering moisture from his eyes." Father
and son shared a unique experience: an unforgettable lesson on how to end a war. Tad
was observing a father who, in the words of a dignitary who accompanied him from
Washington, held no "thought of revenge or feeling of bitterness toward the
- more -
Lincoln statue unveiling, page two of two
The day opens with a symposium on "Lincoln in Richmond" to be held from 9 AM
until noon at the Virginia Historical Society. Speakers discussing the significance of the
president's visit to Richmond will be Harold Holzer, author of The Lincoln Image:
Abraham Lincoln and the Popular Print ; Nelson D. Lankford, author of Richmond
Burning: The Last Days of the Confederate Capital ; William Lee Miller, author of
Lincoln's Virtues: An Ethical Biography ; and Ronald C. White Jr., author of Lincoln's
Greatest Speech: The Second Inaugural .
The dedication ceremony, beginning at 3:00 p.m. at the Civil War Visitor Center,
will highlight a color guard, a school choir, a symphonic band, and remarks prior to the
unveiling. The keynote speaker will be the Honorable A. Linwood Holton Jr., former
governor of Virginia. Other speakers include Lt. Governor Timothy M. Kaine; Richmond
Mayor Rudolph C. McCollum Jr.; Alice Harris of Richmond Hill, a descendent of slaves;
Harold Holzer, Co-Chairman of the U.S. Lincoln Bicentennial Commission; Ronald
White of the San Francisco Theological Seminary; and Joseph E. Garrera, President of
The Lincoln Group of New York.
Additional interviews are available with Robert Kline, Chairman, U. S. Historical
Society; Martin Moran, President, U. S. Historical Society; Cynthia MacLeod,
Superintendent, Richmond National Battlefield Park; and sculptor David Freeh.
The United States Historical Society is a non-profit organization that works on
behalf of museums, educational institutions, foundations, and other organizations to
authorize projects that have historic significance, artistic value, and authenticity.
II im ii
ft ft If'
Press must pre-register for the dedication ceremony by Friday, April 4, 12:00 p.m.
To pre-register, contact :
Elaine Mancini Dave dinger
Mancini Communications The PR Council
(914) 948-4264 (804) 644-71 01
fax: (914) 422-3069 fax: (804) 780-1950
ashingtonpost.com: Another Rebel Stand
Another Rebel Stand
Lincoln Statue Causes Richmond Uproar
By John F. Kelly
Washington Post Staff Writer
Thursday, January 9, 2003; Page B01
Confederate heritage groups would like to do something Gen. Robert E. Lee's army couldn't accomplish
138 years ago: keep Abraham Lincoln out of Richmond.
A statue of the 16th president will be dedicated in April at the Tredegar Iron Works. The site is next to a
National Park Service visitors center that tells the history of Tredegar, a foundry above the James River that
forged Confederate cannons.
But as with some other works of art — including a statue of Richmond native and tennis great Arthur Ashe
and a banner of Lee — news of the Lincoln statue has touched a nerve in the former capital of the
To Cynthia MacLeod, superintendent of Richmond National Battlefield Park, the statue is simply a way of
publicizing a little-known historical fact: Lincoln visited Richmond in the waning days of the Civil War.
"I just want people to understand and be interested in history, without having to have a win-lose or good
guy-bad guy situation," MacLeod said. "We want people to understand the resources and events that are
nationally significant. . . . The National Park Service isn't necessarily going to make a judgment whether
people should like Lincoln or not."
To Viola O. Baskerville, the Democratic state delegate in whose district it will sit, the statue is part of a
long-overdue process to tell "the complete story of the Civil War."
Others think the story of the Civil War has been told just fine up till now at Tredegar. Del. Richard H.
Black (R-Loudoun) said, "Putting a statue to [Lincoln] there is sort of like putting the Confederate flag at
the Lincoln Memorial."
Black was so perturbed by news of the statue that he agreed to a request from the Virginia chapter of the
Sons of Confederate Veterans to ask state Attorney General Jerry W. Kilgore (R) whether any Virginia laws
prohibit placing the statue at Tredegar.
None do. Although a Virginia statute forbids Union markings from being added to Confederate memorials,
and vice versa, the ironworks building is on privately owned land that's leased to the federal government.
That means the statue is on track for its April 5 dedication, 138 years and a day after Lincoln and his
12-year-old son, Tad, alighted from a boat to tour a city still smoking from the fires a retreating
Confederate Army had set the day before.
"A lot of people think that Lincoln came to Richmond to do an end-zone dance, but it was just the opposite
that he was doing," said Edward C. Smith, director of the American studies program at American
University and co-director of the Civil War Institute, a week-long seminar devoted to studying the war.
Smith is among the statue's supporters: "I really felt that until Lincoln was received as the restorer, not just
the invader and the conqueror, quite frankly, the war in many people's minds would never be over."
1/10/2003 3:50 PM
Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2012 with funding from
State of Indiana through the Indiana State Library
ashingtonpost.com: Another Rebel Stand wysiwyg://3/http://www.washingtonpost.co.../wp-dyn/A30846-2003Jan8?language=printer
Others see Lincoln's whirlwind trip as a victory lap, a humiliation of the city. "He sat at Jefferson Davis's
desk and propped his feet up on the desk," said Bragdon Bowling, commander of the Sons of Confederate
Veterans' Virginia division. Bowling said his group will continue to protest the statue's placement and is
planning a conference to highlight Lincoln's less-admirable qualities.
The life-size bronze statue is being donated by the United States Historical Society, a nonprofit
organization headquartered in Richmond. Designed by Kingston, N.Y., sculptor David Freeh, it depicts
Lincoln and Tad sitting on a bench against a granite wall. The words "To Bind Up the Nation's Wounds"
will be cut into a granite capstone.
The society's chairman, Robert Kline, said he had been thinking for more than 20 years that a Lincoln
statue belonged in Richmond. Kline grew up in Illinois, where Lincoln launched his political career and
where towering likenesses of him are fixtures in town squares.
Kline allows that it might have been more historically accurate to put the statue at Rockett's Landing on the
James River, where Lincoln disembarked for his tour, but that would have required city approval.
"If there were any tax funds used or if it was on city property, it wouldn't have happened," he said. The
society decided to foot the bill.
Black said he is not sure a Lincoln statue belongs anywhere in Virginia.
"We've got a Lincoln Memorial not that distant," he said. "It's a huge memorial right across the Potomac. I
suppose you could put a Lincoln memorial in every city of the United States. I'm not sure what that
Kline wouldn't say how much the statue will cost. Black and other critics grumble that the society is
making the highly publicized donation as a way of hyping the $875 bronze and $125 resin miniatures it will
They will join another item offered by the society: a limited-edition, leather-bound edition of "Personal
Reminiscences of General Robert E. Lee."
© 2003 The Washington Post Company
of 2 1/10/2003 3:50 PM
Virginia city protests
raising Lincoln statue
April dedication expected in ex-Confederate capital
By John F. Kelly
Confederate heritage groups
would like to do something Gen.
Robert E. Lee's army couldn't ac-
complish 138 years ago: keep Abra-
ham Lincoln out of Richmond.
A statue of the 16th president
will be dedicated in April at the
Tredegar Iron Works. The site is
next to a National Park Service visi-
tors center that tells the history of
Tredegar, a foundry above the
James River that forged Confederate
But as with some other works of
art - including a statue of Richmond
native and tennis great Arthur Ashe
and a banner of Lee - news of the
Lincoln statue has touched a nerve
in the former capital of the Confed-
To Cynthia MacLeod, superin-
tendent of Richmond National Bat-
tlefield Park, the statue is simply a
way of publicizing a little-known
historical fact: Lincoln visited Rich-
mond in the waning days of the Civ-
' 'I just want people to understand
and be interested in history, without
having to have a win-lose or good
guy-bad guy situation," MacLeod
said. "We want people to under-
stand the resources and events that
are nationally significant. . . . The
National Park Service isn't neces-
sarily going to make a judgment
whether people should like Lincoln
To Viola Baskerville, the Demo-
cratic state delegate in whose dis-
trict it will sit, the statue is part of a
long-overdue process to tell "the
complete story of the Civil War."
Others think the story of the Civil
War has been told just fine, up until
now, at Tredegar. Delegate Richard
Black, a Loudoun County Republi-
can, said, ' 'Putting a statue to (Lin-
coln) there is sort of like putting the
Confederate flag at the Lincoln Me-
Black was so perturbed by news
of the statue that he agreed to a re-
quest from the Virginia chapter of
the Sons of Confederate Veterans to
ask state Attorney General Jerry
Kilgore whether any Virginia laws
prohibit placing the statue at
Although a Virginia statute for-
bids Union markings from being
idded to Confederate memorials,
md vice versa, the ironworks build-
ing is on privately owned land that's
eased to the federal government.
That means the statue is on track
x>r its April 5 dedication, 138 years
md a day after Lincoln and his 12-
/ear-old son, Tad, alighted from a
)oat to tour a city still smoking from
he fires a retreating Confederate
Army had set the day before.
"A lot of people think that Lin-
coln came to Richmond to do an
end-zone dance, but it was just the
opposite that he was doing," said
Edward Smith, director of the
American studies program at Amer-
ican University and co-director of
the Civil War Institute, a week-long
seminar devoted to studying the
Smith is among the statue's sup-
porters: "I really felt that until Lin-
coln was received as the restorer,
not just the invader and the conquer-
or, quite frankly, the war in many
people's minds would never be
Others see Lincoln's whirlwind
trip as a victory lap, a humiliation of
the city. "He sat at Jefferson Da-
vis's desk and propped his feet up
on the desk," said Bragdon Bowl-
ing, commander of the Sons of Con-
federate Veterans' Virginia division.
Bowling said his group will con-
tinue to protest the statue's place-
ment and is planning a conference
to highlight Lincoln's less-admira-
The Life-size bronze statue is be-
ing donated by the United States
Historical Society, a non-profit or-
ganization headquartered in Rich-
mond. Designed by Kingston, N.Y.,
sculptor David Freeh, it depicts Lin-
coln and Tad sitting on a bench
against a wall. The words ' 'To Bind
Up the Nation's Wounds" will be
cut into a granite capstone.
The society's chairman, Robert
Kline, said he had been thinking for
more than 20 years that a Lincoln
statue belonged in Richmond. Kline
grew up in Illinois, where Lincoln
launched his political career and
where towering likenesses of him
are fixtures in town squares.
Kline allows that it might have
been more historically accurate to
put the statue at Rockett's Landing
on the James River, where Lincoln
disembarked for his tour, but that
would have required city approval.
"If there were any tax funds used
or if it was on city property, it
wouldn't have happened," he said.
The society decided to foot the bill.
Black said he is not sure a Lin-
coln statue belongs anywhere in
"We've got a Lincoln Memorial
not that distant," he said. "It's a
huge memorial right across the Po-
tomac. I suppose you could put a
Lincoln memorial in every city of
the United States. I'm not sure what
Kline wouldn't say how much
the statue will cost. Black and other
critics grumble that the society is
making the highly publicized dona-
tion as a way of hyping the $875
bronze and $125 resin miniatures it
Sunday, January 12,2003
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Sunday, March 30, 2003 11A
Look away, Dixieland
Civil War continues over Lincoln statue
By Sylvia A. Smith
RICHMOND, Va. - To some,
Abraham Lincoln is better known as
"the invader" than as the 16th president
who freed American slaves and who pre-
served the states as one nation instead of
Putting a statue of Lincoln in
Richmond, Va. - the capital of the for-
mer Confederacy - is an outrage, they
"In a way, it would be like raising a
statue of an African slave trader over in
Africa," said Arizonian Richard Creel as
he toured Richmond's Tredegar Iron
Works, which made artillery and ammu-
nition for the Southern army.
The National Park Service rents one
of the privately owned Tredegar build-
ings as its Civil War visitors' center. On
Saturday, the Lincoln statue will be
unveiled on a plaza outside the visitors'
center, directly across from a Civil War
An online petition, signed by more
than 3,300, is even more harsh than
"A statue to this politician is no more
appropriate in Richmond than one cele-
brating Sherman who burned Atlanta to
the ground or one glorifying the evil
Third Reich to Hitler in Tel Aviv."
The lifesize bronze is of a pensive
Lincoln, sitting on a bench with his arm
around his son. Tad. It will rest on a
concrete pad surrounded by a low stone
wall and was designed so visitors will
approach it. touch it, even sit next to
Lincoln or Tad to share their intimate
There were no photographs of Lin-
coln's April 4, 1 865, visit to Richmond;
famed photographer Matthew Brady was
delayed and arrived a few hours later.
The sculpture is an imagined scene of
Lincoln's trip to the still-smoldering city
a few days after it was set afire by
retreating Confederate soldiers in the
waning days of the Civil War.
Lincoln's facial expression and body
language telegraph the exhaustion and
aching sadness of that time. There's no
attitude of "conquering hero," said
Dwight Pitchaithley, chief historian for
the National Park Service.
Robert Kline, president of the organi-
zation that commissioned the statue, said
Lincoln "looks kind of compassionate
and a little on the frail side, which he
Despite its name, Kline's group, the
U.S. Historical Society, has no affiliation
with the federal government and is sell-
ing $875 and $145 miniature copies of
the statue to raise $250,000 for the pro-
Joan Flinspach, president of Fort
Wayne's Lincoln Museum, said the
father-and-son pose conveys "the mes-
sage that Lincoln was trying to cite in
his second inaugural; With malice
toward none, with charity for all."
For Lincoln's detractors, however, the
pose of the statue is irrelevant, and the
location of the sculpture is revolting.
The inscription on the wall behind the
statue, taken from the 1865 inaugural
speech, is a stinging joke to (hem: 'To
bind up the nation's wounds."
"Richmond was the capital of the
This statue of President Lincoln and his son Tad Is sched- ue has raised the ire of pro-Confederacy groups, which
uled to be unveiled Saturday In Richmond, Va. The stat- view Lincoln as an Invader.
"To erect a statue of Lincoln, that must strike even the
most fair-minded people as being a little bit inflammatory.
It's a little bit like picking a scab. Why Richmond?"
- Larry Beane U, a Fort Wayne seminary student
Confederate states. To erect a statue of
Lincoln, that must strike even the most
fair-minded people as being a little bit
inflammatory. It's a little bit like picking
a scab. Why Richmond?" said Larry
Beane II, a Fort Wayne seminary student
and member of the Sons of Confederate
Veterans' national committee that tries to
protest what they consider violations of
Southern heritage, sucfi as restrictions
on the display of the Confederate flag.
"Southerners don't like the erection
of some president - specifically,
Abraham Lincoln - who ordered the
invasion of this country," said Ron
Wilson, the commander in chief of the
Sons of Confederate Veterans.
Wilson's Tennessee-based 32,000-
member group first tried to block the
erection of the statue and then tried to
discredit the U.S. Historical Society.
Whether the Confederacy was a sepa-
rate country and whether the Civil War
was a conflict about slavery are at the
core of the dispute neo-Confederates
have with what they see is a false repre-
sentation of history.
"Everybody knew it was a right of a
state to withdraw," Wilson said. 'That's
Not so, say historians.
"If you recognize that there was an
'invasion,' you recognize the legitimacy
of secession, which Lincoln wasn't pre-
pared to do," said Harold Holzer, a vice
president of the Metropolitan Museum
of Art and co-chairman of the U.S.
Lincoln Bicentennial Commission.
Rep. Mark Souder, R-3rd, is one who
utterly rejects the idea that the
Confederacy was a sovereign nation.
"They were not a separate country,
period. They were in rebellion. I don't
accept the premise (of secession) and
that's what the Civil War was about.
They didn't have the right to withdraw,"
said Souder, a history buff and a mem-
ber of the congressional committee that
supervises the National Park Service.
There's also conflict about whether
the Civil War was fought to end slavery.
"Today, unlike in years past, unfortu-
nately, our children and grandchildren -
black and white - are being told that it
was over slavery," Wilson said of the
Civil War. "Lincoln said it wasn't fought
Historian lames Horton, American
studies professor at George Washington
University, said those kind of rational-
izations are make-believe.
"As a historian, I understand that to
get at absolute truth is difficult to impos-
sible. But there are some things that are
very difficult to deny," he said. "I live in
Washington, D.C., and anybody who
lives here in the summertime will tell
you that although you may want it to be
something else, it is hot and humid. ...
Sometimes truth is what truth is.
'The Civil War was about slavery. It
may not be popular in some circles to
14A The Journal Gazette <
From Page 11A
think that. You may not want to
think that. You may not want to
think your ancestors to whom you
are attached were taking up arms
against the United States of
America to protect and perpetuate
the institution of slavery, but that's
the fact of life. And they said so at
the time, which is part of the reason
we know that - at least in their
minds - that's what they were
The Sons of Confederate
Veterans cites an 1862 letter
Lincoln wrote to Horace Greeley
saying, "If I could save the Union
without freeing any slaves, I would
Flinspach said Lincoln's beliefs
about slavery evolved. But by the
time he wrote the Greeley letter,
Lincoln had drafted the
Emancipation Proclamation. He
hadn't issued it "because he had
received advice from Seward, his '
secretary of state, to wait until there
was a Northern victory. That was
wise advice," she said.
"Lincoln was already at a point
in his personal beliefs beyond what
he could publicly state in order to
balance all the balls in the air to
keep this precarious union togeth-
er," she said.
'All about money'
Neo-Confederates brush away any
"I'll let you in on a little secret,"
said Ron Holland, publisher of the
online Dixie Daily News, one of the
speakers at a daylong seminar in
Richmond last weekend organized
around the idea that the legend of
Lincoln has been sanitized and twist-
'That Lincoln statue by 'those
people,' as Robert E. Lee called our
enemies, is all about money, profits
and economic power. Maybe it is
appropriate, because that is really
what Abraham Lincoln's economic
policies and his war were all about,"
Protesting that the Civil War was
about economics and states' rights,
said Indiana University historian
Steven Stowe, "overlooks that the
Confederacy was primarily involved
in defending the slave system."
"It isn't that states' rights and
independence was first and slavery
followed afterward. The reason they
were disputing the federal govern-
ment's differences with them was
over the issue of slavery, not over
some abstract issue of constitutional
rights. What everybody was fighting
about was whether slavery was going
to continue or not," he said.
Beane said he grew up in Ohio
and was taught that interpretation of
the Civil War. It wasn't until he
began researching his Southern
ancestors, he said, "I realized the
books weren't giving me the whole
story. When I looked at the whole
J story, I came to realize that the
Southern perspective of the war real-
ly made a lot more sense. According
to the Constitution and the principles
of American government and
American liberty, they were right."
Beane insists he and other mem-
bers of the Sons of Confederate
Veterans are primarily concerned
with countering the "disrespect" oth-
ers display toward their ancestors
who fought bravely.
It's an attitude and perspective that
some, but not all, Southerners
embrace, Horton said.
For them, he said, "the Civil War
is still going on. . . . The South feels
humiliated by the Civil War, and the
South feels there are still people in •
the country seeking to humiliate
them even more so. I shouldn't say
'the South.' We're not talking about
everybody in the South, but we're
talking about a very vocal group that
sees the placement of this Lincoln
statue there as kind of rubbing salt in
Beane bristles at the suggestion
that there's an anti-black, pro-slavery
context to the Sons of Confederate
Veterans' emotional hostility toward
the Lincoln statue.
"We're not a bunch of snaggle-
tooth Ku Klux Klan members," he
"Generally speaking, we're intelli-
gent people interested in history,
interested in our family tree. We're
good neighbors and law-abiding peo-
ple. We just don't want to be discrim-
inated against. We know who won
the war. And I think it's terribly
insensitive to try rub people's nose in
it," he said.
Yet in the defense of the
Confederate flag and protest against
the Lincoln statue, many see racism.
"They don't get out there in sheets
or really say any things we would
consider denigrating to African peo-
ple," Salim Khalfani, executive direc-
tor of the Virginia NAACP, said of
the Sons of Confederate Veterans.
"But the fact that is their cause
represented continuation and expan-
sion of enslavement. If they had won,
I probably won't be in this position
talking to you now," he said. "So I
wouldn't necessarily say that they are
, like the National Alliance or some of
the other white supremacist groups,
but their promotion of the
Confederacy is promotion, just the
same, of white supremacy."
The mayor of Richmond, a city
that now is 58 percent black and
governed by a largely black city
council, said it strains credulity that
defenders of Confederate symbols
and protesters of the Lincoln statue
see their actions as benign.
"I really find it to be a total lack
of sensitivity to this country and its
history of what those symbols have
not only symbolized, but what they
have actually done to people,"
Rudolph McCollum said.
. One answer to Beane's "why
Sunday, March 30, 2003
Th.il...i. ii „. , Sylvia Smlth/Tlie Journal Gazette
Jil « « " ."l"*"' wl " ■» acro *> "»m this Civil War cannon outside
the National Park Service's Civil War visitors' center In Richmond,
The father-and-sori pose conveys "the message
that Lincoln was trying to cite in his second inau-
gural: With malice toward none, with charity for
-Joan Flinspach, president of Fort Wayne's Lincoln Museum
Richmond?" question is Kline's:
"It's time for reconciliation."
Souder is more direct:
"I think they ought to build a
statue of him in every state," he
said. "Abraham Lincoln isn't a
parochial symbol. He's a national
symbol. Perhaps building a Lincoln
statue five years after the war
would have been a little in your
face. But it's been 140 years."
Stowe said erecting the first stat-
ue of Lincoln in a state that was
part of the Confederacy is a way to
lance the bitter boil of the neo-Con-
'They have decided the Con-
federacy stands for underdogism
and loyalty and manhood and sacri-
fice. And don't bother me about
other things like slavery. It's not
rational. There's no way to talk
them out of it," he said.
"No matter who it is, if a group
of people says I don't want to hear
about another side,' then that to me
is a sign we have to push on that
point," Stowe said.
"It's important to keep pressing
at the point that the Confederacy
stood for slavery. It may also have
stood for the courage of some-
body's grandfather, but let's never
forget that it stood in defense of the
system of human bondage."
The hullabaloo over the Lincoln
statue in Richmond is an odd conr
trast to current events, Holzer said.
"We've got more frightening and
anxiety-producing things to worry
about in this country," he said. "Just
think about the prospect of allow-
ing the words of Lincoln into the
schools of Iraq and Afghanistan -
words that consecrate democracy,
that encourage freedom and liberty
and self-determination and opportu-
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